Did You Know?
When stampeding, a buffalo can reach and sustain speeds of 50 km/hr.
is estimated that 60 million buffalo roamed the Great Plains at the
time of the arrival of Europeans in North America.
During the summer
months the buffalo hair is at its shortest. Skins were taken for lodge
covers and numerous other articles were made from the soft, dressed
Natural topographic barriers such as coulees, depressions, or
hills were sometimes used to funnel buffalo to the jump. Such is the
case at Head–Smashed–In.
Buffalo herds were led by one or two individual
animals, usually females.
Some meat was made into pemmican by first
sun–drying it, then pulverizing the dried meat with a stone maul and
mixing this with buffalo fat and grease. To add flavor to pemmican,
fruit such as chokecherries were then mixed together in a parfleche
container and pounded to remove all air from the food. This pounded
mixture, when carefully prepared, would keep in a tight parfleche container
for many months.
Buffalo horns were scraped and formed into spoons.
were often given to medicine men or women, who were responsible for
ensuring the success of the hunt.
Peter Fidler was probably the first
European explorer to visit the Porcupine Hills area. He traveled there
in 1792/93 with a band of Peigans.
Last reviewed/revised: May 22, 2012